Pacific Island Country Coins

1. Origin

I used to know that my father had a hobby of collecting coins. Since my father passed away, I have done a little bit of summing up the coins left by my grandmother and my father. I only think that the foreign coins left by my father are a big part of the franc. Until recently, I have had time to carefully sort out these coins and do some research. I found some interesting things. I will share with you today the coins from the Pacific island countries.

疑似法郎硬幣一

▲Suspected franc coin One

疑似法郎硬幣二

▲Suspected franc coin Two

 

 

2. Finding

In order to sort out these foreign coins, I tried to understand them. I used a web page to exchange coins called uCoin, which lists the years, pictures, and valuations of coins from all over the world. When I use this page to find out the relevant information of these "Fran", I find that these coins are not francs at all. To be exact, these are not the francs used in France of Europe, but used in the French territory of the Pacific! After comparing, finally clarify that these are coins were from French New Caledonia, French Polynesia, and the New Hebrides Condominium.

These strange place names caused my curiosity. I used Google Maps to check their location. The French New Caledonia and the New Hebrides are located in the Pacific Ocean in northeastern of Australia. The French New Caledonia is in south, the New Hebrides archipelago is located in the north, and the New Hebrides archipelago has been independent in 1980 and changed to the Republic of Vanuatu. The French Polynesia is on the farther east Pacific Ocean, and the famous Tahiti is the largest island in the French Polynesian Islands. And in the vast Pacific Ocean between the three archipelagos, there are two island nations I know: Fiji and Tonga. And the coins of these two countries are also collected in the iron box of these Pacific francs.

▲Pacific Island Location Map

 

 

I. Pacific Franc

The French New Caledonia, the French Polynesia, and New Hebrides Condominium all belonged to the French territory. So there is a great consistency in the appearance of coins. The front of coins have only two kinds: the statue of Liberty or Statue of Protection with a torch. The back is mainly a local landscape, unique biological species or traditional utensils. Here is the arrangement of the French Pacific Island coins in my hand:

Country No Currency Year Diameter (cm) Front Back

New Caledonia

1 20 1970 2.8 Statue of Liberty Three bulls heads
2 10 1970 2.4 Statue of Liberty Sailboat
3 5 1952 3.1 Statue of Protection with a torch Kagu bird statue

New Hebrides Condominium

1 100 1966 3.7 Statue of Liberty Bisj rod or Totem rod
2 20 1970 2.8 Statue of Liberty Local mask pattern
3 20 1967 2.8 Statue of Liberty Local mask pattern
4 10 1970 2.4 Statue of Liberty Local mask pattern
5 5 1970 2.4 Statue of Liberty Frigate bird pattern
6 1 1970 1.7 Statue of Liberty Frigate bird pattern

French Polynesia

1 50 1967 3.3 Statue of Liberty Moorea Port
2 20 1967 2.8 Statue of Liberty Flower, vanilla bud and bread fruit pattern
3 20 1969 2.8 Statue of Liberty Flower, vanilla bud and bread fruit pattern
4 20 1970 2.8 Statue of Liberty Flower, vanilla bud and bread fruit pattern
5 10 1967 2.4 Statue of Liberty Tribal mask pattern
6 5 1952 3.1 Statue of Protection with a torch Local seaside scenery pattern
7 5 1965 3.1 Statue of Protection with a torch Local seaside scenery pattern
8 2 1965 2.7 Statue of Protection with a torch Local seaside scenery pattern
9 1 1965 2.3 Statue of Protection with a torch Local seaside scenery pattern

 

● French New Caledonia, still a French territory, the final result of the independent referendum on November 4, 2018 is not independent. Two independent referendums will be held before 2022. The coin casting period I currently have on my hand is from 1952 to 1970.

新喀里多尼亞幣20法郎正面為自由女神頭像

▲ New Caledonia 20 francs front: The Statue of Liberty

新喀里多尼亞幣20法郎背面為三個牛頭

▲ New Caledonia 20 francs back: Three bulls heads

新喀里多尼亞幣10法郎正面為自由女神頭像

▲ New Caledonia 10 francs front: The Statue of Liberty

新喀里多尼亞幣10法郎背面為帆船

▲ New Caledonia 10 francs back: Sailboat

新喀里多尼亞幣5法郎正面為手持火炬的保護女神像

▲ New Caledonia 5 francs front: The Statue of Protection with a torch

新喀里多尼亞幣5法郎背面為卡古鳥像, 當地特有鳥類, 幾乎不能飛,在地上以樹枝築巢, 因受到掠食而接近滅絕的邊緣

▲New Caledonia 5 francs back: Kagu bird. The local birds are unique, and they can hardly fly. They build branches on the ground with branches, and are close to the extinction because of predation.

 

● New Hebrides was independent in 1980 and established the Republic of Vanuatu. The coins on my hand were cast from 1966 to 1970 in the French colonial period.

新赫布里底群島共管地100法郎正面為自由女神頭像

▲ New Hebrides 100 francs front: The Statue of Liberty

新赫布里底群島共管地100法郎背面為Bisj桿或Totem桿(是一種儀式神器,在一塊木頭上刻有動物或人臉)

▲New Hebrides 100 francs back: The Bisj rod or Totem rod (A ritual artifact. An animal or face is engraved on a piece of wood.)

新赫布里底群島共管地20法郎正面為自由女神頭像

▲ New Hebrides 20 francs front: The Statue of Liberty

新赫布里底群島共管地20法郎背面為當地面具圖像

▲ New Hebrides 20 francs back:A local mask

新赫布里底群島共管地5法郎正面為自由女神頭像

▲ New Hebrides 5 francs front: The Statue of Liberty

新赫布里底群島共管地5法郎背面為軍艦鳥圖案

▲ New Hebrides 5 francs back: A frigate bird

新赫布里底群島共管地1法郎正面為自由女神頭像

▲ New Hebrides 1 franc front: The Statue of Liberty

新赫布里底群島共管地1法郎背面為軍艦鳥圖案

▲ New Hebrides 1 franc back: A frigate bird

 

● French Polynesia, which is still a French territory. Coins on hand are minted from 1965 to 1970.

玻里尼西亞50法郎正面為自由女神頭像

▲ Polynesian 50 francs front: The Statue of Liberty

玻里尼西亞50法郎背面為莫雷阿島港口

▲Polynesia 50 franc back: The port of Moorea

玻里尼西亞20法郎正面為自由女神頭像

▲ Polynesian 20 francs front: The Statue of Liberty

玻里尼西亞20法郎背面為花,香草芽和麵包果實圖像

▲ Polynesian 20 franc back: The flowers, vanilla buds and bread fruit

玻里尼西亞10法郎正面為自由女神頭像

▲ Polynesian 10 francs front: The Statue of Liberty

玻里尼西亞10法郎背面為部落面具圖像

▲ Polynesian 10 francs back: A tribal mask

玻里尼西亞5法郎正面為手持火炬的保護女神像

▲ Polynesian 5 francs front: The Statue of Protection with a torch

玻里尼西亞5法郎背面為當地海邊風景圖像

▲ Polynesian 5 francs back: Local seaside scenery

玻里尼西亞2法郎正面為手持火炬的保護女神像

▲ Polynesian 2 francs front: The Statue of Protection with a torch

玻里尼西亞2法郎背面為當地海邊風景圖像

▲ Polynesian 2 francs back: Local seaside scenery

玻里尼西亞1法郎正面為手持火炬的保護女神像

▲ Polynesian 1 francs front: The Statue of Protection with a torch

玻里尼西亞1法郎背面為當地海邊風景圖像

▲ Polynesian 1 francs back: Local seaside scenery

 

 

II. British Pacific Colony Coin

Both Fiji and Tonga have belonged to the British territory, but the appearance of the coins is not the same (perhaps there are not enough coins in my hand). Fiji coins are frontal portraits of Queen Elizabeth II, and the back are local traditional utensils. The front of Tonga coin is the taro, and the back is the wording of the Planned family (I do not know the historical background at the time, I hope that the informed person advises), the following is the arrangement of the British Pacific Island coin in my hand:

 

Country No Currency Year Diameter (cm) Front Back

Fuji

1 20 cent 1969 2.8 Side portrait of Queen Elizabeth II Amulet made from whale teeth
2 10 cent 1969 2.3 Side portrait of Queen Elizabeth II Fijian traditional weapons
3 5 cent 1969 1.9 Side portrait of Queen Elizabeth II Fiji drum
4 2 cent 1969 2 Side portrait of Queen Elizabeth II Fijian traditional fan
5 1 cent 1969 1.8 Side portrait of Queen Elizabeth II Fiji traditional utensils
Tonga 1 2 cent 1981 2.1 Taro Planned family

 

● Fiji was originally a British colony. It was independent in 1970. The coins in hand are all cast in the colonial period of 1969.

斐濟幣20分正面圖案為伊莉莎白二世肖像

▲Fiji 20 cents front: Portrait of Elizabeth II

斐濟幣20分背面圖案為用鯨魚牙齒作成的護身符 - Tabua

▲Fiji 20 cents back: A talisman made of whale teeth - Tabua

斐濟幣10分正面圖案為伊莉莎白二世肖像

▲Fiji 10 cents front: Portrait of Elizabeth II

斐濟幣10分背面圖案為斐濟傳統武器 - Iula tavatava

▲Fiji 10 cents back: Fijian traditional weapons - Iula tavatava

斐濟幣5分正面圖案為伊莉莎白二世肖像

▲Fiji 5 cents front: Portrait of Elizabeth II

斐濟幣5分背面圖案為斐濟鼓 - Lali

▲ Fiji 5 cents back: Fiji drums - Lali

斐濟幣2分正面圖案為伊莉莎白二世肖像

▲Fiji 2 cents front: Portrait of Elizabeth II

斐濟幣2分背面圖案為斐濟傳統扇子

▲Fiji 2 cents back: Fijian traditional fan

斐濟幣1分正面圖案為伊莉莎白二世肖像

▲Fiji 1 cent front: Portrait of Elizabeth II

 斐濟幣1分背面圖案為斐濟傳統器皿 - Tanoa

▲ Fiji 1 cent back: Fijian traditional utensils - Tanoa

 

● Tonga was originally one of the British protected areas. In the same way as Fiji was independent in 1970. Only one coin was obtained, which was cast after independence in 1981.

東加幣2分正面圖案為芋頭

▲ Tonga 2 cents front: Taro

東加幣2分背面圖案為家庭計畫

▲ Tonga 2 cents back: Wording of the Planned family

 

The above is about the introduction of the Pacific Island countries' coins in my hand. I will come back to introduce other coins next time.

 

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